About District Kangra

Kangra is a town in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh state in northern India, and lends its name to the district of the same name. Kangra was called Nagarkot in ancient history. It is a town at the confluence of the Bener River and Majhi River. Dharamshala city, Headquarter of the District is also a tourist spot and is now home-in-exile to the Tibetan Guru Dalai Lama. Many ancient temples like the JAWALAJI Temple, BRIJESHWARI temple, CHAMUNDA temple, BABA BAROH and BAIJNATH temple are located here. Kangra fort is also a popular tourist attraction.

Despite all the divinity, vagaries of nature can cause disaster of such magnitude and such intensity that it becomes impossible to respond unless there is preparedness to cope with the effect in the pre-as well as post-disaster period. Preparedness is the best response to such situation in order to mitigate the effects and to reduce losses in terms of life and property. With increasing anthropogenic pressures, natural disaster have become all the more unpredictable and the fury unleashed by natural forces on human kind all the more ferocious causing far greater loss of life and property.

In 1905, District Kangra experienced one of the major earthquakes of the recorded seismic history of India having a magnitude of 8.0 on Richter scale in which approx. 20,000 persons lost their lives. The towns of Kangra and Dharamshala were razed to the ground and no Government functionary remained even to report the mishap to the higher authorities. While there is no doubt that human kind has now got to evolve and change its approach by restoring ecological balance, it is also true that human kind has got to be prepared for the worst. Increasing population densities, environmental degradation, and climate change meeting with vulnerability make the impacts of natural or human induced hazards worse

Administrative Setup as per district abstract (2015-2016)

Setup

 

No. of Sub Divisions

10 – Dharamshala, Kangra, Dehra, Jawali, Fatehpur, Jaisinghpur, Jawalamukhi, Nurpur, Palampur, Baijnath

No. of Tehsils

19

Sub Tehsil

13

Development Blocks

15

Panchayats

748

Villages

3869

Aims and Objectives of the District Disaster Management Plan

Aim:

The aim of the District Disaster Management Plan (DDMP) is to guide all stakeholders in taking action to prevent damage to or loss of life, property and environment through prevention, preparedness, mitigation and quick and coordinated response to save all lives.

Objectives:

To provide a multi disaster action plan to administration and other institutes with predefined set up consisting specific roles and responsibilities of primary and supportive agencies as well as communities of the district.

  1. To facilitate the list of all the resources related to disaster management within the district available with primary, secondary agencies or to procure.
  2. To provide direction to key institutions for setting up a goal of disaster risk reduction and mitigating the impact of hazards by building capacity of the district.
  3. To facilitate linkage between development and disaster risk reduction (DRR) through integration of DRR measures into developmental planning.
  4. To provide operational structure and the coordination mechanisms of various agencies along with the standards of service to be required from them.
  5. To provide information and monitoring tools, system of communication, and the evaluation components for timely revision.
Authority for DDMP: DM Act 2005

On 23rd December, 2005, the Government of India took a defining step by enacting the Disaster Management Act, 2005, which envisaged creation of Authorities at all three levels as below:

  • National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA),
  • State Disaster Management Authorities (SDMA),
  • District Disaster Management Authorities (DDMA).

In Section 31. (1) There shall be a plan for disaster management for every district of the State and Section 31. (2) The District Plan shall be prepared by the District Authority, after consultation with the local authorities and having regard to the National Plan and the State Plan, to be approved by the State Authority. As per “Section 25” the Constitution of District Disaster Management Authority was done on 01.06.2007. And as per “Section 30, Sub Section 02, (i) ”The District Authority may prepare a disaster management plan including district response plan for the district and  according to (xv) it may prepare, review and update district level response plan and guidelines.

    Evolution of District Plan

    In the process of updation of the district plan from the year 2012 to year 2016 – 17 the following factors were taken into consideration. For details please refer to the link on the bottom

    Evolution of the District Disaster Management Plan Kangra

      Stakeholders and their responsibilities

      For details please refer to the link on the bottom

      Stakeholder of District Kangra and Their responsibilities

        How to use the plan

        The objective of this plan is to formulate an integrated District level Disaster Management Plan for District Kangra to integrate District Functionaries or Line Departments. Resources to mitigate risk of disasters identified are prepared to deal with them, build capacities to handle them efficiently and effectively, to have prompt and integrated response in case of disaster by speedy planned evacuation, search and rescue, medical aid and restoration of essential services, finally to initiate rapid recovery by effective rehabilitation and reconstruction

        This plan deals with detailed hazards, risk vulnerability and capacity analysis, integrated institutional mechanism to implement the plan, resource inventory, mitigation plan, response plan, reconstruction plan, standard operating procedures for different committees and Govt. Departments, budgetary and financial allotments, modalities for monitoring, periodic evolution and update.

        This plan has been prepared by District Administration by upgrading the previous plan. Endeavour is to make the plan simple and short so that even a lay man can understand it. This plan has been kept open ended to assimilate all the new inputs and feedbacks so that it evolves with time. Mechanism has been incorporated in plan to get quarterly inputs and the complete plan to be reviewed annually.

        The Disaster Management Plan provides for uniformity in approach and perception of the various issues at hand thus avoiding undue complications. The plan at the same time provides for the coordination mechanisms for different agencies right from the field level to the District Head Quarter and beyond. Thus, it ensures efficiency in terms of response and optimal utilization of resources. Moreover, it keeps the administration in a state of readiness to face any eventuality.

          Mechanism for approval of the plan

          The Line Departments and other Stake Holders of District submits a copy of its disaster management plan, and of any amendment thereto to the Deputy Commissioner for Approval of that Plan.

          The Chairman of District Authority shall submit a copy of the district disaster management plan, and of any amendment thereto to the Himachal Pradesh State Disaster Management Authority for Approval of the Plan

            Review and updating District Plan

            District Disaster Management Plan prepared by District Authority shall be reviewed annually and either be updated or reaffirmed in statutory compliance of DM Act 2005.The plan may be used to summarize the accomplishments of the past year reflecting the updates and help the administration to prioritize mitigation goals for the next year.

            Reviewing and updating the plan should be mandatory after following events:

            • A major accident or incident.
            • A formal update of planning guidance or standards.
            • Major Drills or Exercises.
            • A change in the district’s demographics or hazard or threat profile.

            The enactment of new or amended laws or ordinances